The Biden administration is considering taking executive action to deter illegal migration across the southern border, according to two U.S. officials.

As passing legislation on border security in Congress appears unlikely, the plans under consideration signal that the White House wants to take action before numbers at the border, which have dropped in the past month, rise again as expected.

The plans have been under consideration for months, the officials said. In December, as Congress prepared to leave town for the holidays with no border solution, illegal crossings of the southwest border hit new records at more than 10,000 per day.

The unilateral measures now under consideration may upset some progressives in Congress, the officials said, but noted that Democratic mayors who have asked for more help from the federal government to handle the influx of migrants in their cities will be pleased. The measures are still being drafted and not expected to take place anytime soon.

On Wednesday, Senate Republicans blocked a bipartisan border bill that they had negotiated with Democrats and the Biden administration over the preceding months.

In a statement, a White House spokesperson said, “The administration spent months negotiating in good faith to deliver the toughest and fairest bipartisan border security bill in decades because we need Congress to make significant policy reforms and to provide additional funding to secure our border.”

“Today, Congressional Republicans chose to put partisan politics ahead of our national security and voted against what border agents have said they need. No regulatory actions would accomplish what the bipartisan national security agreement would have done for border security and the immigration system at large.”

Regardless of how much any executive action may appear to increase immigration enforcement both on the border and in the interior of the U.S., the officials said it will pale in comparison to the effects that would be seen if Congress had passed the border security bill.

“It’s a plan B,” one official said. Both officials said doing nothing is not an option.

On Tuesday, President Joe Biden argued the bipartisan bill would have “made important fixes to our broken immigration system,” calling it “the toughest, fairest law” ever proposed on the border.

Biden faces growing political backlash, including from members of his own party, over his handling of the border as he campaigns for reelection. He plans to cite the Republican turnabout on the bipartisan border legislation as proof that for political reasons the GOP doesn’t really want to solve the problem. But the president is still vulnerable on the issue, trailing his likely 2024 opponent, former President Donald Trump, by more than 30 points on securing the border and controlling immigration, according to a new NBC News poll released this week.

The Biden administration has already taken multiple unilateral actions to try and stem the flow of migrants.

 In May, when Covid restrictions were set to lift at the border, the Department of Homeland Security introduced new restrictions that would make more migrants eligible for a speedy deportation. But overwhelming numbers meant the vast majority of migrants apprehended by border agents were still released into the United States.

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